عنوان مقاله [English]
Today’s world experiences different paradigms of religiosity. Various depending on their nature and goal and also their intellectual, cultural, economic and political paradigms manifest themselves within these paradigms in the behavior and ideas of the believers.
Reviewing the situation of religiosity in the present communities, it is necessary to pay attention to these paradigms. Furthermore, in this direction, the qualitative changes of religiosity should be given attention too.
In general, three religiosity paradigms can be distinguished from each other: Traditional Paradigm, Modern Paradigm, and Subjective Paradigm.
In the Traditional Paradigm, dutifulness has the highest position and religion is an obligation and a full-fledged authority which one should surrender to it.
In the Modern Paradigm, religion is considered as a hand-made product of a magical thought and human myth which bows down before the instrumental rationality and some of its benefits should be utilized within a pragmatic view.
In the Subjective Paradigm, religion is considered at the service of needs arising from human narcissism and is converted into a consuming commodity.
In a theological view, it can be said that the specific context of Islam for explicit reasons is such that it does not bear Modern and Subjective Paradigms and it is wholly tied to obedience and submission.
*. TehranUniversity, Tehran, Iran
**.Institute for Islamic culture and thought, Tehran, Iran