عنوان مقاله [English]
Ein-o Allah Khademi*
Theory of finalism, among pre Socratics philosophers and even for Plato, has not been on the carpet as a serious and obvious philosophic problem, although we can find a number of confirmers for the theory in their works. Aristotle propounded theory of finalism obviously and seriously, and his theory didn't have approximately any competitors until end of middle ages and the scholastic philosophers particularly Thomas Aquinas supported it seriously. After the Renaissance, Although Francis Bacon as the founder of modern science and Descartes as the founder of modern philosophy didn't deny final cause, but attacked theory of finalism cruelly and prohibited the arrival of that to field of physics and experiential sciences, and leaded it to realm of metaphysics, and they even supposed that metaphysical research about this theory is futile.
*. ShahidRajaeiUniversity, Tehran, Iran.